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International Employment Law 2014

Speaker(s): Anders Etgen Reitz, Bettina Bender, Daniel Fisher, Donald C. Dowling, Jr., Dr. Gerlind Wisskirchen, Eva Knipschild, Gary R. Siniscalco, Hideki Thurgood Kano, Ingrid Busson-Hall, Johan Lubbe, John J. Imhoff, John W. Hamlin, Juan Carlos Varela, Louise Patry, Martin L. Schmelkin, Mercedes Balado Bevilacqua, Michael A. Sirgado, Orrie Dinstein, Philip M. Berkowitz, Philip N. Storm, Ronnie Neville, Roselyn S. Sands, Shalini Agarwal, Silvia Bauza, Solon De Almeida Cunha, T.M.J. (Dorothe) Smits, Timon Grau, Wendi S. Lazar, Xiaolin Zhou
Recorded on: Jun. 10, 2014
PLI Program #: 51770

Anders Etgen Reitz is a partner of IUNO and is recognized as one of Denmark’s leading employment lawyers. He is a specialist in international employment law and advises leading multinationals on conducting business in the Nordic region and around the globe.

Anders has acted in numerous cases regarding among others:

  • Incentive and stock option plans
  • Restrictive covenant infringements
  • Cross- border transactions
  • Mergers
  • Restructurings
  • Immigration issues
  • Data protection

He advises clients from a broad range of industrial sectors including inter alia: information technology, consultancy, transport, financial services, telecommunications, life science and media.

Professional and Community Affiliations

  • Vice-Chair, Communications, Global Employment Institute (GEI), International Bar Association (IBA)
  • Past Co-Chair, Discrimination and Equality Law Committee, International Bar Association (IBA)
  • Past Co-Chair, International Employment Law Committee, American Bar Association (ABA
  • Employment Law Committee, Danish Bar Association (Danske Advokater)
  • International Committee, Danish Bar Association (Danske Advokater)


MBB Balado Bevilacqua Abogados was founded by Mercedes Balado Bevilacqua, who graduated with honors from Universidad de Buenos Aires and holds a Master´s Degree in Law (LL.M) from University of Connecticut, School of Law, U.S.A. 

She has over 17 years´ experience in business consulting focused on employment, social security, corporate management and human resources, both nationally and internationally.

In addition to her specialization in Labor Law, Mercedes has been part of the team of lawyers of the National Treasury Prosecutor's Office, representing Argentina against foreign investors’ claims before the International Centre of Settlements for Investment Disputes (ICSID), an agency of the World Bank. Therefore, Mercedes also has experience in matters of both local and international arbitration, which contributes to the provision of complete legal advice and to the understanding of foreign clients’ needs.

Mercedes has been featured among the leading lawyers in her practice area by Legal 500 Latin America for 2013 and 2014, Chambers & Partners for the years 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014 and 2015 and Who’s Who Legal 2015.

The formation of the firm was recognized by Latin Lawyer magazine as a notable development in the Argentine legal market (Article: “2013: A year in review” by Rosie Creswell and Lulu Rumsey in Latin Lawyer Vol.12, Issue No.10, of January 9, 2014).

Member of the Committee on Employment and Discrimination and Newsletter Editor of the Labor and Employment Committee of the International Bar Association (IBA), member of the Human Resources Committee of Argentine-French Chamber of Commerce, Mariannes Association, an organization created by the French Embassy that gathers the most relevant business women in Argentina and coordinator of the Research and Study Commission for the Master in Employment Law of Universidad Austral. She is also a referee in the International Commercial Arbitration Competition of the University of Buenos Aires.

Regularly, Mercedes contributes with articles to various academic publications and conferences for local and international organizations, including the International Bar Association, Practising Law Institute (PLI), New York State Bar Association, Global Employment Bulletin, Berwin, Leighton Paisner LLP, CM Murray LLP Newsletter, Squire Patton Boggs LLP, Pensions and Retirement Plans 2013 and 2014-Getting the Deal Through, Latin Lawyer, the magazine Comments Express of AMCHAM, monthly magazine of Case Law and Legislation Editorial “La Ley”, “El Cronista Comercial”,, IJ International Legal Group. She has been quoted by Victor Hugo Alvarez Chavez in his handbook on "Mobbing, stress and harassment in the workplace."

Daniel Fisher
Head of Human Resources
Senior Vice President, Munich Reinsurance America, Inc.

Daniel Fisher is Head of Human Resources and Senior Vice President at Munich Reinsurance America, Inc. Daniel also serves as Regional Head of Human Resources for all of Munich Re’s North American P&C and Health companies. He is a member of the Munich Re Global HR leadership team developing and driving group-wide strategies.

Prior to coming to the U.S., Daniel was Director of HR for Munich Re’s London operations.  Daniel established an HR shared-service function providing support to four established business units and two start-up operations.  He also had regional responsibility for Africa and Ireland, and supported a new venture in Hong Kong.

Prior to joining Munich Re in 2003, Daniel worked as an executive consultant for a leading management consultancy.  Before that, he was HR Manager at a large U.K. retailer.

Daniel has a degree from the London School of Economics and a Masters in HR and Industrial Relations from the Manchester School of Management.  He is a member of the Chartered Institute of Personnel Management.

Daniel moved from London to the Princeton area in 2009 with his wife and three children.

Gary Siniscalco, Senior Counsel and Co-Chair of Orrick’s EEO & OFFCP Compliance Group, has significant experience advising clients on complex employment litigation and advisory matters.  He has particular experience in counseling and litigation defense for clients on equal opportunity, affirmative action (OFCCP) compliance, wrongful discharge, wage-and-hour matters and in working with companies on cross-border employment issues. Gary has handled numerous class actions, pattern and practice cases and government audits, in court and before the EEOC and Department of Labor. Gary brings a particularly unique perspective to clients on matters involving the EEOC, having served as regional counsel and senior trial attorney for the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in San Francisco prior to joining Orrick.

Gary also has an extensive class actions practice, focusing on litigation, consent decree strategies and preventive advice. He has been designated as an expert or retained as special counsel in several federal court class actions throughout the United States.

Gary also serves regularly on the NYU faculty for training federal judges on employment law, the OFCCP Institute, PLI International Employment Law and ABA Labor and Employment Law Section programs.

Gary is co-author of "The Pay Gap, the Class Ceiling, and Pay Bias: Moving Forward Fifty Years After the Equal Pay Act", ABA Journal of Labor & Employment Law, Vol 29, November 3 (Spring 2014), and "The Law of Employment Discrimination from 1985-2010," ABA Journal of Labor & Employment Law, Vol. 25, No. 3 (Spring 2010).

Related Practice Areas

  • Employment Law & Litigation
  • Discrimination, Harassment & Retaliation
  • Trade Secrets Litigation
  • Wage-and-Hour
  • Cross-Border Employment Law Issues


  • J.D., Georgetown University Law Center, 1969
  • B.A., Le Moyne College, 1965


  • The Recorder California Labor & Employment Department of the Year (2013-2014)
  • The Recorder California Litigation Department of the Year (2013-2014)
  • The International Who's Who of Management, Labour & Employment Lawyers (2013-14)
  • Who's Who of Management Labour & Employment Lawyers Top Ten International (2009-14)
  • Chambers USA Band 2, Labor & Employment (2011-14)
  • National Law Journal Leading Employment Lawyers
  • Chambers USA Leading Employment Lawyer, "noted for ability both to litigate and to provide counsel on a variety of issues." and "wonderful and highly capable.”
  • College of Labor & Employment Lawyers, Fellow since 1997

Gerlind Wisskirchen is a specialist lawyer in the area of labor and employment law with a special focus on advising international corporations. The excellence of her advice lies in her knowledge of how to achieve success and her profound understanding of the business environments of her clients, her analytic ability and her strategic, precise, clear recommendations. She and her team are performance-driven and creative and strive to forge workable and strategic client-focused solutions so that undertakings can achieve their business objectives. Part of this advice is project management, thus understanding the relevant factors, defining the goals, selecting the best methods and tools, and precisely implementing the set objectives. Gerlind Wisskirchen advises multinational corporations particularly on the issues of reorganization, national and international labor and employment law and compliance. She provides support to management – as a strategic advisor or member of the supervisory/advisory board – from the HR and labor and employment law perspective when business plans and strategies are being developed.

In a globalized world in which national borders are increasingly diminishing and corporations are facing global challenges, she has particular expertise in cross-border projects like business reorganizations (outsourcing, off-shoring), compliance issues, cross-border compensation programs, cross-border audits and internal investigations, board level codetermination, matrix structures of multinational corporations, the European works council, the implementation of codes of conduct, whistleblowing systems and IT-systems, the posting of employees and data privacy protection issues. She developed the "EU Labor & Employment Law Navigator," a comparative analysis of the labor and employment law systems in Europe.

Gerlind Wisskirchen is a regular moderator and panelist at national and international conferences on the legal issues of international HR management and on issues of cross-border Labor and employment law, such as the International Bar Association, the American Bar Association and the American Employment Law Council. She is a lecturer for the MBA program "International Human Resources Management" at Cranfield University, UK, one of the leading European business schools. She has published numerous articles in German and in English.


Studied law at the University of Bonn, the University of Lausanne, Switzerland and Georgetown University, USA. PhD in 1993 on "Indirect Discrimination in Employment (Disparate Impact Cases): USA – Europe". Student and graduate scholar of Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung. Worked for two U.S. law firms (1991-1992, 1995) and for the international department of the German Treasury (1995-1998). Joined the law firm in 1998 to strengthen the international section of the labor and employment law team.


German, English, French

Ingrid Busson-Hall
Executive Director, Morgan Stanley

Ingrid Busson-Hall is an Executive Director at Morgan Stanley in the Bank Regulatory Legal Group. Ms. Busson-Hall advises business units and support functions throughout the global Morgan Stanley network on the implications of U.S. banking laws and regulations. In this capacity, she provides strategic regulatory advice in support of businesses affected under the Dodd-Frank Act, e.g., Volcker Rule, Resolution Planning, Enhanced Prudential Standards, as well as the application of the Bank Holding Company Act (BHCA) and its implementing regulations. With respect to the introduction of new products and services, as well as strategic transactions, Ms. Busson-Hall advises her clients on how to best advance business objectives within the U.S. regulatory framework.

Prior to joining Morgan Stanley, Ms. Busson-Hall was Associate General Counsel for Credit Agricole Corporate and Investment Bank where she managed a team responsible for all regulatory matters in the Americas. While with Credit Agricole CIB, she regularly advised senior management in the U.S. and throughout the global network on regulatory and related strategic business initiatives, including institutional response to reforms under the Dodd-Frank Act (e.g. Swap Dealer Registration, Volcker Rule, Resolution Planning), the application of the BHCA, OFAC, BSA/AML, and FCPA.

Before joining Credit Agricole CIB, Ms. Busson-Hall, was an Associate at Skadden, Arps, Slate, and Meagher & Flom LLP in New York and Washington, DC.

Ms. Busson is an active member of the ABA Section of International Law. She currently serves as the Section’s Deputy Liaison Officer and Co-Chair of the Section’s 2014 Spring Meeting. She previously served as Division Chair to the Constituent Division, the Section’s Diversity Officer, Co-Chair of the Section’s 2008 Spring Meeting, Chair of the Law Student and New Lawyer Outreach Committee, and Vice-Chair of the International Corporate Counsel Committee. Ms. Busson-Hall is the recipient of the Section’s 2013 Outstanding Corporate Counsel Award.

Ms. Busson earned her J.D., cum laude, and a Master of Studies in Environmental Law, magna cum laude, from Vermont Law School in 1999. Since graduating, she has maintained a strong commitment to VLS and often returns to campus to conduct workshops with students on career planning and effective networking.

Ms. Busson received a B.A. summa cum laude in Government and Geography, with high honors in both disciplines, from Clark University in 1996. She currently serves the Clark University Alumni Board. Ms. Busson is a member of the bars of the State of New York and the District of Columbia.

Johan Lubbe is a shareholder at Littler Mendelson, the largest management-side workplace law firm in the U.S.  The firm has over 950 employment lawyers in 56 offices across the U.S., Mexico and Venezuela.  Johan is the U.S. Practice Co-Chair of the firm’s International Employment Law Practice Group.

Johan Lubbe provides strategic advice and counseling to multinational employers on a wide range of global employment law, labor relations, human resources, and data privacy matters. Who's Who Legal noted in its survey that Johan is "greatly admired" for his expertise in data privacy and the workplace. Johan also regularly advises foreign companies that do business in the U.S. on the compliance requirements of U.S. workplace law. Johan is an experienced trial lawyer and negotiator with unions.

Johan holds law degrees from leading law schools in the U.S., England and South Africa.  He started his legal career as a labor lawyer in South Africa and has been practicing in the U.S. for the past 18 years. He has authored a number of articles on cross-border employment issues, and is a frequent speaker at international employment law conferences in the U.S. and overseas.

Johan is recognized as a leading employment lawyer in a number of publications, including Best Lawyers in the U.S., Practical Law Company’s Labour and Employee Benefits Cross-border Handbook, Euromoney’s Guide to the World’s Leading Labour and Employment Lawyers, The International Who's Who of Management Labour and Employment Lawyers, and the Legal Media Group’s The Best of the Best. Johan has also been recognized as a Super Lawyer in New York since 2007.

John Hamlin is Chief Counsel, Employment, Benefits and Governance for Marsh & McLennan Companies, Inc., one of the world’s leading professional services firms with over 60,000 employees in approximately 90 countries.  The firm’s operating companies include Marsh, Mercer, Guy Carpenter, and Oliver Wyman.  Prior to joining Marsh & McLennan, he was Of Counsel with the law firm of Paul, Hastings Janofsky & Walker LLP.  While in private practice, he represented employers in all aspects of labor and employment law, before various state and federal courts and administrative agencies, and provided advice on an array of personnel-related issues.  Mr. Hamlin served as a Law Clerk to the Honorable B. Avant Edenfield, Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of Georgia in Savannah.

Mr. Hamlin is a fellow of the College of Labor and Employment Lawyers.  He has published various articles on employment law and has presented at numerous seminars on assorted employment-related topics.  In 2014 he was recognized as one of The Legal 500’s GC Powerlist “Corporate Counsel 100: Rising Stars,” which recognizes leading in-house lawyers for innovation, quality and excellence.  He was selected by the International Law Office and the Association of Corporate Counsel as the recipient of the 2015 ILO Global Counsel Award for Employment Counsel of the Year.  He is the recipient of a 2016 First Chair Award for Top Employment Counsel.   

Mr. Hamlin earned a J.D. with honors from the University of Connecticut School of Law, where he was Editor-in-Chief of the Connecticut Journal of International Law

John J. Imhoff
Director, Ernst & Young Global Security

Ernst & Young named Mr. Imhoff the first Americas Director of Security in September 2002. In the aftermath of 9/11, EY created this office to upgrade its security and consolidate responsibility into a single entity. Since those early days his security responsibilities have expanded to encompass EY’s 167,000 person global organization. His remit includes emergency and business continuity planning, physical security, asset protection, executive protection, travel security, meeting and events security.

Before joining EY, Mr. Imhoff served with the FBI for more than 26 years in a variety of investigative and managerial positions. While on loan from the FBI, Mr. Imhoff was Director of INTERPOL in the United States. In that capacity Mr. Imhoff represented U.S. law enforcement to the 188 member-nation organization, overseeing thousands of international investigations and all aspects of international law enforcement liaison. Mr. Imhoff’s investigative achievements spanned the FBI’s jurisdiction, with success in the areas of white-collar crime, organized crime, and drug enforcement.

Mr. Imhoff is active in a number of security professional organizations. Currently, he is President of the International Security Management Association. He also serves on the Council of the US State Department’s Overseas Advisory Security Council; the FBI’s Domestic Security Alliance Council and; is an active member of the International Association of Chiefs of Police. Mr. Imhoff is also a member of the National Law Enforcement Museum Advisory Committee (opening in Wash. DC in 2015).

Mr. Imhoff holds a Bachelor of Arts from Loyola College (MD) with majors in Mathematics and Accounting, as well as a Masters in Business Administration from Eastern Michigan University. He is a Certified Public Accountant.

Mr. Imhoff is married to Donna Marie Bianco (nee). They have two sons.

Louise Patry is a partner in the Labour & Employment, Litigation and Corporate/Commercial practices.

Louise has an extensive experience in several fields of the labour and employment domain. She is known for her expert negotiation and arbitration skills.

Louise advises multinational/domestic public and private companies in a wide range of industries on labour and employment related matters. Known for her expert negotiation and arbitration skills, she also provides practical and expedient solutions for matters such as employee transfers and downsizing operations, wrongful dismissal and pay equity cases, workers’ compensation and health and safety issues, pension plan issues and business consolidations. In addition, Louise handles the negotiation of collective agreements for various clients. Louise has developed an extensive experience in international employment law.

Louise worked as a lawyer for the Québec Union of Service Employees, Local 298 (FTQ), providing her with the advantage of a bilateral perspective on issues related to labour and employment.


  • Has achieved one of Martindale-Hubbell’s highest rankings.

Speaking Engagements

Louise has presented at numerous conferences to a broad range of professionals on dismissals, salary equity, the financing of workplace health and safety and labour standards in Québec, as well as on various other labour and employment issues.

Among others, Louise presented the following conferences and papers on International Employment Law:

  • "Mobilité Internationale", TV web vignette in the series "Conseils d’experts" broadcasted by Premières en affaires – 2013
  • "Travailler à l’international ? Oui, mais attention à votre contrat !", Article published in Premières en affaires – October-November 2012
  • "Hiring, Disciplining and Firing: A Soup-to-Nuts Review of What You Can and Can’t Do Overseas", Workshop of the International Employment Law Conference – June 2012
  • "Seconded Employee/Managing Expatriates on Assignment", Section of the compilation of presentations given during the "Hiring, Disciplining and Firing: A Soup-to-Nuts Review of What You Can and Can’t Do Overseas" Workshop of the International Employment Law conference, published by the Praticing Law Institute – 2012
  • "International Employment Law", Workshop of the American Conference Institute – October 2010
  • the International Law Section of the American Bar Association’s fall meeting, for which she was a presenter
  • "As the World Turns: Perspectives on International Labor and Employment Law", Conference organized by the New York State Bar Association and the Cornell ILR School Labor and Employment Law Program – May 2009

Bar Admissions

Québec, 1981


Université de Montréal (Post-Graduate Diploma in Labor Law), 1988

Université de Sherbrooke, B.C.L., 1980


Labour & Employment



Professional Affiliations

Canadian Bar Association

Québec Bar

Ordre des CRHA et CRIA du Québec

Marty Schmelkin is a Managing Director, Associate General Counsel with Goldman, Sachs & Co. in New York. Marty is a member of the firm’s Employment Law Group, and his practice focuses on employment law counseling, affirmative action & diversity issues, employment discrimination arbitration and litigation. Marty has spent time in the firm’s Hong Kong office, handling employment law matters arising in the firm’s offices throughout Asia (Beijing, Hong Kong, Mumbai, Seoul, Shanghai, Singapore, Taipei, and Tokyo). He also covers matters arising in the firm’s non-U.S. offices in the Americas (Bermuda, Buenos Aires, Calgary, Cayman Islands, Mexico City, Santiago, Sao Paolo, and Toronto). Marty is the Chairperson of the Pro Bono Steering Committee at Goldman Sachs, where he coordinates all of the firm’s pro bono initiatives and programming. He is also a member of the Knowledge Share Committee, which provides Continuing Legal Education (CLE) programming for members of the firm’s Legal Department. Marty is a member of the Board of the Women’s Enterprise Development Center, an organization which provides training programs and support services to women business owners in Westchester County.

Marty received a Bachelor of Science degree from the School of Industrial and Labor Relations (ILR) at Cornell University in 1991, and a Juris Doctor degree from New York University School of Law in 1994. Prior to joining Goldman Sachs in 2000, Marty worked in the Employment Law Departments of Orrick, Herrington & Sutcliffe and O’Melveny & Myers.

Michael Sirgado

Associate General Counsel Employment law, Employee Relations and HR Risk control for Citi Global Consumer Group, supporting 50,000 plus employees in the U.S., Canada, Latam, Asia-Pac and EMEA.

Responsible for all cross-border and multi-jurisdictional employment and labor law matters, expatriate employee issues, employment litigation in common law, civil law and hybrid legal systems, multinational restructurings and global labor related M & A.

Orrie Dinstein is the Global Chief Privacy Officer at March & McLennan Companies. He has global responsibility for data protection, and he works closely with the Legal & Compliance, IT and Information Security teams, as well as other functions, to establish policies, procedures, processes and tools related to privacy and data protection matters.  Prior to joining Marsh & McLennan, Orrie was the Chief Privacy Officer at GE Capital.

Orrie received an LL.M. degree in intellectual property from NYU School of Law and is a graduate of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem School of Law.  He is a member of the New York State Bar and the Israel Bar. He is a Certified Information Privacy Professional (CIPP) and a frequent speaker on privacy, security, technology and social media matters.

Philip Berkowitz, U.S. co-chair of Littler Mendelson's International Employment Law Practice, is an internationally known employment lawyer.  He advises multinational and domestic companies in a wide range of industries on employment-related matters.  He has significant experience advising multinational regarding U.S. and overseas employment practices.  He also has a strong litigation practice:  he defends companies in lawsuits and arbitrations, in the United States and internationally, involving claims of alleged discrimination and harassment, compensation claims, Sarbanes-Oxley whistle-blowing and other anti-retaliation laws; and compensation claims.  He also defends and prosecutes trade secret and non-compete enforcement claims.

Mr. Berkowitz’s diverse selection of clients includes companies in financial services, oil and gas, pharmaceuticals and chemicals, manufacturing, publishing, fundraising, and many other sectors.  He has also represented prominent international law firms in their U.S. employment law matters.

Mr. Berkowitz is an Officer of the International Bar Association (IBA) Discrimination and Equality Committee, and is Co-Chair of the IBA Disability Discrimination Working Group.  He is former Chair of the New York State Bar Association International Law and Practice Section, and former Vice-Chair of the American Bar Association Employment Law Committee (International Law Section)

Special Recognition

Named, America's Leading Lawyers for Business - Chambers USA, 2005-2014
Named, The Best Lawyers in America, 2007-2014
Named, International Who's Who of Management Labour and Employment Lawyers - Who's Who Legal, 2014
Named, Who's Who of Management Labour and Employment Lawyers - Who's Who Legal, 2014


Cornell Law School, 1977-78

Northwestern School of Law, J.D. 1978
State University of New York at New Paltz, B.A. 1975

Selected Publications

Columnist, The New York Law Journal, “Employment Law Issues” (bimonthly column) (1999 – Present)

Co-Author, “International Labor & Employment Law,” International Corporate Practice (PLI Feb. 2014)

Author, “Whistleblower Claims: Issues for 2014,” New York Law Journal (Jan. 9, 2014)

Author, “The Attorney-Client Privilege and Advising Across Borders,” New York Law Journal (Nov. 29, 2013)

Author, “10 Tips for an Effective Cross-Border Investigation,” (Oct. 31, 2012)

Philip Storm is a shareholder at Littler Mendelson, a global employment and labor law practice with more than 1,000 attorneys in over 60 offices worldwide.  He provides advice to clients on the full lifecycle of internal investigations, from best practices for developing whistleblower and internal investigation programs to actively managing the client’s most sensitive internal investigations. His practice also focuses on streamlined design and implementation of all aspects of legally compliant corporate ethics and compliance programs.

Phil manages, conducts and counsels clients on internal investigations involving all areas of compliance with law and corporate policies, conducts ethics and compliance program risk assessments for clients; trains leadership, compliance, investigation, and HR personnel; and develops and modernizes investigation guidelines and escalation protocols.  He has extensive experience leading and managing the internal ethics, compliance and investigations initiatives of a multi-national, public company, and his expertise encompasses the entire spectrum of effective ethics and compliance programs, including:

  • Overseeing and actively conducting sensitive internal investigations
  • Developing effective investigation guidelines, procedures and reporting protocols
  • Conducting ethics and compliance program assessments and implementing enhancements
  • Designing codes of ethics and related policies
  • Configuring internal investigation functions, whistleblower lines and intake channels
  • Training and advising investigation personnel
  • Fashioning engaging ethics and compliance communications and interactive training

Phil’s experience both domestically and internationally in investigations and ethics and compliance programs spans all substantive forms of legal and ethical misconduct, including top enterprise risk areas such as:

  • Anti-corruption
  • Senior executive misconduct
  • Financial fraud and integrity
  • Misuse of technology, intellectual property and confidential information
  • Data privacy
  • Retaliation, harassment, and discrimination

Practice Areas

Foreign Investment in China, Regulatory Compliance, Dispute Resolution

Professional Experience

Dr. Xiaolin Zhou is licensed to practice law in China and the State of New York, and admitted before the Federal (Southern District and Eastern District of New York) and state courts in the State of New York. He has over 30 years of legal work experience both in government and in private practice. As managing partner of the firm's New York Office, he focuses his practice on advising and assisting clients doing business with/in China and helping clients resolve legal and business problems in their operations in China. His clients include many Fortune 500 industrial and business corporations, banks, insurers, foreign law firms and international organizations, as well as many small and medium sized companies. He also regularly advises Chinese entities and individuals on doing business in the U.S.

Prior to entering private legal practice, Dr. Zhou served for seven years as Head of International Law Division, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of China. He also served as advisor to the Chinese Delegation to the UN General Assembly and Chinese delegate to the UN Legal Committee, Outer-space Legal Subcommittee and UN Charter Committee. He has participated in numerous international negotiations and was involved in handling major judicial and arbitration cases involving government agencies and enterprises in Chinese and foreign courts as well as international arbitration tribunals.


Dr. Zhou received his Doctor of Juridical Science degree (SJD) from Harvard Law School and is a graduate of Institute of Law, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences in Beijing.

Professional Associations

Dr. Zhou is a member of the Bar of the City of New York and the All-China Lawyers Association.

Language Skills

Fluent in English and Mandarin.

Practice Areas
International Employment Law


Juan Carlos Varela is an international attorney licensed and admitted to practice before the courts in Venezuela. He focuses his practice on representing and advising global clients on matters throughout Latin America and the Caribbean, involving labor and employment law, executives' and workers' compensation, employment taxes, labor litigation matters, alternative dispute resolution, labor arbitration, and labor audits.

Juan Carlos is the office managing shareholder of Littler Mendelson's Venezuela offices in Caracas and Valencia, and he also works out of the Miami office. He co-chairs the firm's Latin America practice and supports the interests of clients throughout the entire Latin America region. He is actively involved in the firm's International Employment Practice Group and also serves on the firm’s board of directors.

Juan Carlos is a labor law professor at the Universidad Católica Andrés Bello. He has written numerous articles on labor-related issues and is regarded as one of the best labor lawyers in Venezuela.


Named, Best Lawyers in Venezuela, 2014
Named, Excellence in Client Service - Client Choice International, 2013
Named, Chambers Latin America
Named, Best Lawyers in Venezuela


LL.M., University of Miami, 2011
LL.M., University of Illinois, 1995, summa cum laude
J.D., Universidad Católica Andrés Bello, VZ, 1992, cum laude

Bar Admissions



Supreme Tribunal of Justice, Venezuela

Roselyn S. Sands is a partner leading the EY Global and EMEIA labor and employment law practice. She is based in Paris, France.

Roselyn is a graduate of the University of Florida Business School (B.S., Finance & Anthropology), the University of Miami School of Law (J.D.), as well as the University of Paris Law School (L.L.M). She is admitted to the Paris/Hauts de Seine Bar, as well as the Bar of the States of Florida, New York and California (inactive).

Roselyn started her career in the U.S. focusing her practice on international commercial and employment law litigation with the law firms of Holland & Knight (Miami, Florida) and Proskauer Rose (New York & California). In 1995, Roselyn moved to Paris, France where she practiced international arbitration and employment law with Sales Vincent & Associés and Proskauer Rose. In 2001, she joined EY Société d’Avocats to build its International labor & employment law practice focusing exclusively on advising clients on French and European/International labor and employment law matters.

Roselyn has significant cross-border experience on both side of the Atlantic on HR/employment issues, particularly business transformations, mergers and acquisitions, carve-outs, post-transaction integration, global restructuring, CSR, SOX compliance, works council strategy, tactics & management, employee privacy, health & safety, technology and the workplace, discrimination and harassment issues and, more generally, managing the day-to-day workplace.

Roselyn’s first-hand knowledge of global companies and her business and solutions oriented pragmatism are central to her approach in assisting clients with the challenge of achieving their corporate objectives while complying with rigid and burdensome labor and employment laws around the world.

She is a member of the American Bar Association, International Bar Association, and the European Employment Lawyers Association, organizations for which she is a frequent speaker on global employment-related issues and trends. She is a founding member and sits on the management committee of XBHR, a cross-border HR Forum. She is also Co-Chair of the International Employment Law committee of the American Bar Association

Section of International Law, and the HR Legal committee of the French-American Chamber of Commerce in Paris. Roselyn writes for numerous publications, International Employment Lawyer, the IBA and ABA Labor and Employment Law newsletters. She is the editor of the EY Global Labor & Employment Law Newsletter and the author of the French chapter in International Employment Laws (Matthew Bender & Co.); Redundancy Law in Europe and Age Discrimination (Wolters Kluwer); and the Littler Mendelson Guide to International Employment and Labor Law.

Roselyn has written extensively on CSR, including various publications and speaking engagements, including, What is sustainable development?, at the Produrable, a French forum for professionals and sustainable development, April 2008, The European Lead?, at the Littler Global Employer Institute of October 2008, Corporate Social Responsibility and Organizational Culture: The Faces of the Organization in Challenging Times, at the XBHR Conference of March 2009, Reducing costs while being a socially responsible employer, Ernst &Young, March 2009, « Doing well by doing good » : a Challenge For Business, French-American Chamber of Commerce, May 2010.

Roselyn has been teaching for many years in Paris at schools such as Institut de Sciences Politiques, the University of Paris Law School in both its Human Rights Master of Laws program and its International Human Resources Program (CIFFOP), and the INSEEC Business School of Paris.

Roselyn is listed on the Who's Who Legal 2015 for France as an "Extremely able employment practitioner whose impressive depth of experience makes her a first choice with clients" and on the Who's Who Legal 2016 “recognized for her international outlook, and she specializes in advising US and other foreign clients on labor issues within France and Europe.”

An American and French national born in Havana, Cuba, Roselyn is fluent in English, French and Spanish.

T.M.J. (Dorothé) Smits
Labor & Employment

Mrs. Smits has more than 20 years of experience in advising and litigating on all aspects of labor & employment on a national and international (European) level, with a particular interest in the resolution of high level disputes, senior level departures, discrimination issues, (cross border) business transfers and restructuring.

Besides being a lawyer, she is a Deputy Judge, at the District Court of Rotterdam since January 2012 and Chairman since 2009-Present (a member since 2004) of an Appeals Committee in the field of educational law issues (dismissal and disciplinary measures).

Mrs. Smits is a member of the Association of Employment Lawyers in the Netherlands (VAAN), the European Employment Lawyers Association (EELA), the International Bar Association (IBA) and the American Bar Association (ABA). She is also on the Board of the European Employment Lawyer’s Association which she joined in 2013. She has given lectures at conferences, both national and abroad.

WENDI S. LAZAR is a partner at Outten & Golden LLP where she co-heads the firm’s Individual Practice and the Executives and Professionals Practice Group. Ms. Lazar practices in many areas of employment law with a focus on executive agreements, including retention, expatriate, non-competition, talent, severance, and compensation arrangements. She also represents teams of executives, founders and partners transitioning during a sale, merger and acquisitions and other corporate transactions. Ms. Lazar’s practice is international in scope, and she advises clients and attorneys in the U.S. and abroad on employment, contract, and often related immigration issues. Ms. Lazar represents individuals, partners, and management teams at portfolio and public companies, financial institutions (including banks, hedge funds, private equity companies), and entertainment, advertising and media companies. She also represents law partners and associates, accounting professionals, doctors and medical practitioners in all transactional matters. 

In 2016, Ms. Lazar was selected to the New York Law Journal’s list of Top Women in the Law. Ms. Lazar was appointed as a commissioner by the American Bar Association’s Commission on Women, where she heads the Sexual Harassment and Gender Based Bullying Committee. Martindale-Hubbell recognizes Ms. Lazar as an AV “Preeminent” rated attorney. She was named to Best Lawyers in America 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016 and 2017 in the field of Employment Law – Individuals. Ms. Lazar was also recognized by Super Lawyers in 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015 and 2016. Ms. Lazar has been selected as a 2013, 2014 and 2015 Lawdragon 500 Leading Lawyer. In 2014, Ms. Lazar was elected as a Fellow to the College of Labor & Employment Lawyers. She is also a Board Member of Work Life Law, UC Hastings College of the Law.

Ms. Lazar is the Diversity Co-Chair and a member of the Executive Committee of the New York State Bar Association Labor & Employment Section, and is an active member of NELA, ABA and NYSBA committees. She is former Employee Co-Chair of the American Bar Association Labor and Employment Law Section’s International Labor and Employment Law Committee. She regularly lectures on employment issues to bar associations and industry groups and has had several legal articles and book chapters published. She co-authored as Co-Editor In-Chief, "Restrictive Covenants and Trade Secrets in Employment Law: An International Survey," published in 2010 by the BNA and its supplements through 2013, which includes the chapter “Confidentiality, Trade Secrets, and Other Duties and Restrictive Covenants in a Global Economy.” In addition, she is also the author of the chapter “Negotiating and Drafting Expatriate Employment Agreements," in the 3rd Edition of Vol. 1B of International Labor & Employment Law, published in 2009 by the BNA.

Bar/Professional Activity

  • Commissioner, American Bar Association (ABA) Commission on Women in the Profession
  • Member, International Bar Association
  • Co-Chair, Diversity Committee, New York State Bar Association (NYSBA) Labor & Employment Section
  • Executive Committee, NYSBA Labor & Employment Section, International Labor and Employment Committee
  • Former Chair, International Women's Rights Committee of the Women's Bar of the State of New York
  • Chair, National Employment Lawyers Association's (NELA) Executives and Professionals Committee
  • Former Co-Chair, International Labor and Employment Law Committee, American Bar Association (ABA), Labor and Employment Law Section
  • Former Member, International Human Rights Committee of the Association of the Bar of the City of New York

Speaking Engagements

Ms. Lazar frequently lectures on employment issues to bar associations and industry groups, and appears as an expert in the news media.


  • Speaker: "Bias, Prejudice & Harassment in the Legal Profession: A Proposal for a New Rule (E)," ABA Annual Labor & Employment Law Conference (Chicago, IL)
  • Speaker: "Understanding the Employment and Immigration Implications of Terminating Expatriates: At the Journey’s End," American Bar Association, Section of Labor & Employment, Employment Rights and Responsibilities Midwinter Meeting (New Orleans, LA)
  • 2016 National CLE Conference: Speaker, Federal Privacy Laws: International Employment Issues and the Impact on Your Practice


  • Speaker: "International Employment Issues and the Impact on Your Practice," National CLE Conference - Labor & Employment (Vail, CO)
  • Speaker: "Pre-Emption Claims Under the UTSA," National CLE Conference - Labor & Employment (Vail, CO)
  • Moderator: " Learning to Lead: Facing Today's Challenges", 2015 Women of the Section of Litigation Conference: Leading, Litigating, Connecting, American Bar Association, Chicago, IL
  • Speaker: "Representing the Start-Up Venture Institute", New York State Bar Association, New York, NY
  • Speaker: “Running a Cross Border Restrictive Covenant Case”, ELA Conference, London
  • Speaker: "Managing Expatriates in the U.S. and Overseas," PLI, International Employment Law 2015, New York, NY
  • Panelist: "What Works for Women at Work: Navigating Workplaces Shaped by Subtle Bias," UCHastings Leadership Academy for Women, UC Hastings WorkLife Law, San Francisco, CA
  • Panelist: Private Equity CEO Compensation Structures Luncheon, Hypatia Capital Group, New York, NY
  • Speaker: "Employment Law Issues for the Startup Venture: Representing the “Sweat Equity” Worker in a Startup or Early-Stage Venture", “Sweat Equity” in Startups and Early-Stage Businesses, Legal, Tax and Employment Issues for Founders, Key Executives and Independent Contractors, NYSBA, New York, NY
  • Speaker: “Managing Expatriates in the U.S. and Overseas,” PLI International Employment Law 2015, New York, New York
  • Speaker: “Restrictive Covenants and Unlawful Competition in Employment Law,” IBA Annual Employment and Discrimination Law Conference: The dynamics of a globalised workforce: challenges and solutions in the modern labour landscape, Rome, Italy
  • Speaker: "Restrictive Covenants and Labor Mobility: A Case Study of Non-Competes, and Choice-of-Law Provisions, in the Legal Profession," American Bar Association Section of Labor & Employment Law, International Labor and Employment Law Committee Midyear Meeting, Barcelona, Spain
  • Speaker: “Retaining & Promoting Women & Minorities in the Legal Profession: Getting It Right,” 2015 NYSBA Annual Meeting, Plenary One, New York, New York
  • Speaker: "Noncompetes on the Cutting Edge," Law Education Institute, National CLE Conference, Vail, Co.


  • Moderator: "Doing Business in the Asia Pacific: Pitfalls and Advantages for Employers and Employees", ABA Section of Labor and Employment Law, 8th Annual Labor and Employment Law Conference, Los Angeles, CA
  • Speaker: "What Works for Women", Women Lawyers 2014 Book Club Series, sponsored by Committee on Women in the Legal Profession & Committee on Career Advancement and Management, New York City Bar
  • Speaker: "Challenges Facing Women Lawyers in a Global Practice", American Bar Association Section of Labor & Employment Law, International Labor & Employment Law Committee Midyear Meeting
  • Speaker: "International Compensation Challenges", Practising Law Institute
  • Panelist: "Mediation Strategies in Executive Employment Disputes", New York Law Journal Labor & Employment Law breakfast
  • Speaker: "Effective Strategies for Drafting Executive Employment Contracts", NELA 2014 Annual Convention: Blazing the Trail, Courage, Challenge, Change
  • Panelist: "Mediation Advocacy Strategies in Executive Employment Disputes", Insights and Strategies on the Effective: Mediation of Employment Disputes, presented by JAMS and the New York Law Journal
  • Panelist: "Professional Responsibility and Gender Equity," Edith I. Spivack Symposium, presented by the Committee on Women in the Law, of the New York State Bar Association Program Annual Meeting
  • Speaker: "FMLA, ADA, PDA Update," Law Education Institute, National CLE Conference


  • Panelist: "The Changing Landscape of Trade Secrets and Restrictive Covenants" webinar, American Bar Association, Section of Labor and Employment Law, and the Center for Professional Development
  • Moderatior: ABA Panelist: "Team Moves and Restrictive Covenants," ELA, Third Transatlantic Conference
  • Speaker: “Cross-Border Assignments & Employment Agreements,” Practising Law Institute, International Employment Law 2013 Seminar/Webcast
  • Speaker: "Settling the Case and Wrapping Up Employment: Negotiating Strategies, Drafting Realities," Pacific Coast Labor & Employment Law Conference
  • Panelist: "Where Have all the Women Gone?," International Bar Association, IBA Employment and Discrimination Law Conference
  • Panelist: "It's as Easy as a Day at the Beach: Basics of Restrictive Covenants and Duties," American Bar Association, Section of Labor & Employment Law, International Labor & Employment Law Committee Midyear Meeting
  • Speaker: "Tips for Successful Negotiations," Webinar, American Bar Association (ABA) Labor and Employment Law Section
  • Speaker: "What's Love Got to Do With It? Work Romances and Sexual Favoritism," Law Education Institute, National CLE Conference


  • Speaker: "Drafting Expatriate Agreements," American Bar Association, Labor & Employment Section, 6th Annual Section of Labor & Employment Law Conference
  • Speaker: "Retaliation in the Context of Discrimination", Practising Law institute, International Employment Law
  • Speaker: Retaliation Claims: Don't Get Mad, Don't Get Even, Don't Get Sued," Practising Law Institute, Employment Discrimination Law and Litigation
  • Speaker: "Foreign Companies Doing Business in the U.S.: Special Challenges," Practising Law Institute, International Employment Law Conference
  • Speaker: "Global Trade Secret Protection and Drafting Global Policies," American Bar Association, Section of Labor & Employment, International Labor & Employment Law Committee Midyear Meeting
  • Speaker: "International Restrictive Covenants & Trade Secrets," American bar Association International Law Section, Spring Meeting
  • Speaker: "Negotiating and Drafting Expatriate Emplyment Agreements (Cross-border Litigation)," International Bar Association, The Paradigm of Employment Law Conference
  • Speaker: "Trade Secrets from the Employment Lawyers Point of View," American Law Institute and American Bar Association (Video Telecast)
  • Speaker: "Executives Gone Wild: Special Employment Law Issues," National Continuing Legal Education Conference


  • Commentator: “Economic Dismissal Legislation in Other Countries,” New York University 64th Annual Conference on Labor
  • Co-Moderator: “Restrictive Covenants in Employment Contracts,” American Bar Association (ABA) Section of Labor & Employment Law, International Labor & Employment Law Committee Midyear Meeting
  • Moderator: “Are You Protected? Privacy, Intellectual Property, Trade Secrets and Non-Competes in Web 2.0,” ABA National Symposium on Technology in Labor & Employment Law
  • Lecturer: “Innovative Ways to Incentivize Employees,” International Bar Association Conference
  • Lecturer: “Drafting Non-Competition & Non-Solicitation Agreements: Supporting the Agreements & Avoiding the Pitfalls,” American Law Institute-American Bar Association Webcast Lecturer: “Non-Competition Clauses and Restrictive Covenants,” New York State Bar Association 2011 Annual Meeting
  • Lecturer: “International Restrictive Covenants in a Global Workplace,” 28th Annual National CLE Conference in Labor and Employment Law


  • Lecturer: "Around the World in 90 Minutes: Highlights of Current Peculiarities and Pitfalls of Individual Transnational Employment Contracts," ABA Section of Labor & Employment 4th Annual Law Conference o Lecturer: "International Labor and Employment Law: A Bootcamp for U.S. Attorneys," American Conference Institute (ACI)
  • Lecturer: "How to Retain Talent And Survive in a Challenging Economy," Five O'Clock Club
  • Lecturer: "Keeping up with the Competition and Keeping the Taxman at Bay: Employment Contracts, Severance Agreements, and 409A," ABA Annual Meeting
  • Lecturer: "The Changing Landscape of Discrimination Law: New Developments in Privacy and Technology," Employment Discrimination Law and Litigation 2010 by the Practicing Law Institute
  • Lecturer: "Obama's Employment & Labor Rulings, Laws and Enforcements: An Update," Five O'Clock Club
  • Lecturer: "Enforcing Post Employment Restrictions Across Borders," ABA International Labor & Employment Law Committee Midyear Meeting
  • Lecturer: "Sex Discrimination Behind the Camera: How to Deal With Harassment in the Industry," New York Women in Film and Television (NYWIFT) in New York City

Publications (selected)

Ms. Lazar has had numerous articles and book chapters published, as well as several administrative law decisions while an attorney with the Honors Program of the Department of Justice.

  • Author: "Will New Legislation Cure The Gender Pay Gap?," Employees in the Workplace column, New York Law Journal, August 10, 2016
  • Author: "Sexual Harassment in the Legal Profession: It’s Time to Make It Stop," Employees in the Workplace column, New York Law Journal, March 4, 2016
  • Author: "Undocumented Immigrant Workers: Enforcing Rights," Employees in the Workplace column, New York Law Journal, October 28, 2015
  • Author: "‘1984’ in 2015: Protecting Employees,"Social Media From Misuse, Employees in the Workplace column, New York Law Journal, July 7, 2015
  • Author: “Mandatory Arbitration: Searching for Fairness,” Employees in the Workplace column, New York Law Journal, March 6, 2015
  • Author: “Employment and Labor Law in 2014: Has the Workplace Improved?,” Employees in the Workplace column, New York Law Journal, December 11, 2014
  • Co-author with Katherine Blostein: Negotiating Executive Employment Agreements: Cutting a Path Through the Regulatory Thicket, Bloomberg BNA, Pensions and Benefits Daily, July 2, 2014
  • Author: “Fathers Have Protected Rights to Care for Their Children,” Employees in the Workplace column, New York Law Journal, June 26, 2014
  • Author: "New York's Post-Employment Restrictions Limit Mobility", Employees in the Workplace column, New York Law Journal, March 31, 2014
  • Author: "U.S. Employees Need a Federal Data Protection Law", Employees in the Workplace column, New York Law Journal, January 30, 2014
  • Co-author: "Pay and Promotion Equity on Wall Street: Does Litigation Help?," New York Law Journal, October 15, 2013
  • Author: "Limitations to Workplace Privacy: Electronic Investigations and Monitoring – The Computer & Internet Lawyer," January, 2012
  • Co-Author: “Avoiding Pitfalls of Waiving Privilege, Creating Discoverable Evidence and Other Technological Liabilities: An Attorney/ Client Checklist,” Article for National Employment Lawyers Association 2011 Annual Convention
  • Author: "Lessons from Conan," The Financial Manager, May/June 2010, at 12-14.
  • Co-Editor In-Chief: "Restrictive Covenants and Trade Secrets in Employment Law: An International Survey," Bureau of National Affairs, Inc.
  • Co-Author: "Employees' Privacy Rights in the Digital Age," Article in New York Law Journal, April 2010
  • Co-Author: "Executive Employment Agreements," Executive Compensation Library Executive & Director Compensation Reference Guide by the Bureau of National Affairs, Inc.
  • Co-Author: "Changing Economy Impacts Executive Pay," Pension & Benefits Daily by the Bureau of National Affairs, Inc.
  • Author: "Negotiating and Drafting Expatriate Employment Agreements," International Labor & Employment Law, 3rd Ed., Vol. 1B by Bureau of National Affairs, Inc.
  • Author: "Multiple Issues in Corporate Raiding of Employees," New York Law Journal

Awards and Recognition

  • New York Law Journal: Top Women in the Law 2016
  • Lawdragon 500 Leading Lawyers, 2013 - 2016
  • AV-Preeminent Rated Attorney, Martindale-Hubbell, 2015
  • Super Lawyers: 2012 - 2015
  • New York Metro Super Lawyers Top Women 2015
  • Best Lawyers: 2012 - 2016
  • Fellow, College of Labor and Employment Law, 2014
  • Ford Foundation Fellowship in International Law
  • UC Hastings College of the Law, Work Life Law Board Member
  • Alexander Fellow, Cardozo Law
  • Emmy Award, Academy of Television Arts and Sciences

Press (Abbreviated List)

  • Quoted: Emma Jacobs, Lessons from the Litigants, Financial Times, March 31, 2010, at 14.
  • Quoted: Amy Engeler, Older And Out!, MORE, Nov. 2008, at 104, 105, 171.

Bettina specialises in employment law and provides strategic and commercial employment law advice to corporate clients and senior executives. Key areas she advises on include internal investigations, disciplinary and grievance procedures, exits, complex discrimination litigation, the enforcement of restrictive covenants and team moves. She also advises on employment law issues relevant when setting up in the UK, including the recruitment process, employment contracts and staff handbooks. Her particular interest is in cross-border and international issues and she has particular expertise in advising US and European parent companies with UK based subsidiaries.

What the Directories say:-

Chambers & Partners 2014 (Employment Law): Bettina Bender is recognised for her ability "to negotiate fantastic outcomes for clients" and for the "pragmatism" and "commercialism" she brings to matters. Bettina is ranked as a leading individual in her work advising employers as well as senior executives.

 Bettina is experienced in providing advice on the following:

  • strategic employment law advice for corporate clients
  • internal HR investigations, and disciplinary and grievance procedures
  • board room disputes, including executive appointments, departures and bonus issues
  • enforcement of restrictive covenants, confidentiality obligations and team moves
  • complex discrimination litigation
  • collective redundancies
  • partnership discrimination claims, partner departures, team moves and partner restrictive covenants 

Bettina regularly contributes articles published in legal and HR publications.  She is a regular speaker on employment law developments and also provides comment on topical employment law issues in the press, including radio and television.  She is an officer of the International Bar Association, Discrimination and Equality Law Committee, and a member of the European Employment Lawyers Association, the UK Employment Lawyers Association and the German-British Chamber of Industry and Commerce. Bettina is bi-lingual in English and German. Prior to joining CM Murray LLP Bettina worked at two City law firms and a leading national law firm.

Don concentrates his practice on outbound international employment law as part of the firm’s Global Employer Solutions team. He advises multinational headquarters on cross-border employment law compliance, for example:

  • Global codes of conduct, whistleblowers hotlines, employee handbooks, HR policies and workplace safety codes
  • International restructurings, reductions-in-force and “change projects”
  • International compensation and benefits offerings
  • Global HR information systems and data privacy law compliance
  • Employment law matters in cross-border mergers, acquisitions and outsourcings
  • Globally-aligning individual employment agreements, restrictive covenants and employee intellectual property assignments
  • International internal investigations and cross-border HR compliance audits
  • Employing staff in new foreign countries and engaging overseas independent contractors
  • Cross-border collective representation, overseas works council consultations and cross-border employee representative strategies
  • Expatriate structuring, expatriate dismissals and expatriate duty of care

Primary Practice

Labor, Employment and Workplace Safety

Secondary Practices

Higher Education Institutions

Privacy, Data Protection and Information Management

  • Telecom, Media and Technology


  • J.D., University of Florida Levin College of Law, 1985, (Order  of the Coif)
  • A.B., The University of Chicago, 1982


  • Bar of Illinois (Inactive)   
  • Bar of New York
  • Bar of Ohio (Inactive)
  • United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit
  • United States District Court for the Southern District of Ohio


  • Spanish


How to Structure Overseas Independent Contractors Multinational Employer
Monthly Alerts/Updates
July 2015

How to Craft a Severance Release for an Overseas Employee or Expatriate
Multinational Employer Monthly
Alerts/Updates May 2015

How to Conduct Internal Investigations Outside the United States
Multinational Employer Monthly
Alerts/Updates April 2015


K&L Gates Enhances Global Employer Solutions Capabilities with Addition of Paris Labor and Employment Partner

K&L Gates LLP welcomes Christine Artus as a partner in the labor, employment and workplace safety practice.
Press Releases
12 November 2015

Chambers USA 2015 Guide Recognizes K&L Gates, Lawyers as Industry Leaders
Press Releases 20 May 2015

In her legal practice Eva Knipschild engages in all aspects of employment law. She advises and litigates in matters concerning (collective) redundancy, the position of directors, reorganizations and acquisitions and employee participation law. She takes a special interest in the rights and obligations in flexible employment relations and in outsourcing/transfers of undertaking.

Eva is also an NMI-registered mediator in the field of employment and employee participation law. In recent years, she has handled various mediations, including individual and collective employment-law issues and disputes in the field of employee participation. In June 2013 the second edition of the book ‘Arbeidsrecht en mediation’ (dutch) (Employment Law and Mediation) (SDU 2013) was published. As a co-author, Eva edited the first edition from 2007 into a fully updated book that contains all information needed by attorneys and others to guide mediations in employment-law matters. Apart from her work as an attorney and mediator, Eva is editor of the employment case law journal JAR (dutch) and Tijdschrift voor de Arbeidspraktijk (TAP). Eva is also a lecturer, inter alia with JAR Verklaard, and she teaches the course Specialization Employment Mediation. Eva is a member of, inter alia, Vereniging Arbeidsrecht Advocaten Nederland (VAAN) (dutch) (Dutch Association of Employment Law Attorneys), Vereniging Arbeidsrecht Advocaten Amsterdam (VAAA) (Amsterdam Association of Employment Law Attorneys) and the International Bar Association (IBA).

Practice areas

  • Employment law in a broad sense, flexible labor relations
  • Outsourcing/transfer of undertaking
  • Employee Co-Governance law, from the perspective of both employers and works councils

Recommended in

  • Chambers Europe 2013“Eva Knipschild advises employment agency Yacht on various matters, which most recently have involved non-competition clauses and dismissals.”Chambers Europe 2012“Sources say of Eva Knipschild: "She gave us a huge amount of time and offered all the help and support we needed." She specialises in outsourcing and flexible employment, such as on-call workers and freelancers.”


  • Employment Law, Grotius Academy, 2005
  • Law, University of Amsterdam, 2000
  • French literature, Université de Paul-Valéry in Montpellier, 1995-96


  • SDU Legal Education: "Flexible employment relationships"
  • Hogeschool Utrecht: lecturer HBO law
  • Lecturer at Hafkamp Opleidingen
  • Various in-company courses in labor law to employees of process server’s offices

Professional Associations

  • Employment Attorneys Association of the Netherlands
  • Employment Attorneys Association Amsterdam
  • IBA


  • Editor of "JAR" (employment case law journal) and "JAR Verklaard"
  • Editor "OR Informatie", a newsletter for Works Councils

Ronnie is a Partner in Mason Hayes & Curran’s Employment Law and Benefits team, advising in both contentious and non-contentious employment law related matters. Ronnie has a wealth of experience helping domestic and international public and private companies manage their workforces, advising on the full range of cross-border labour and employment issues that arise.

Ronnie has significant experience in employment related civil actions and employer liability claims. He regularly appears before the Circuit and High Courts, the Employment Appeals Tribunal, the Labour Court and the Equality Tribunal, representing employers.

Ronnie also provides non-contentious advice to clients in drafting employment contracts, agreements and workplace policies and procedures. He provides legal support to HR managers in relation to restructuring, reorganisation and terminations. He also regularly advises on outsourcing and TUPE (Acquired Rights Directive) related issues.

Ronnie lectures on employment law issues regularly and on an annual basis lectures on equality law issues at University College Dublin and on redundancy law issues at the Law Society of Ireland. Ronnie is also heavily involved in the International Bar Association and is a regular speaker at IBA conferences. He is an Officer of the Discrimination Law Committee and Vice Chair of the Disability Working Group.

Hideki Thurgood Kano is a partner of Anderson Mori & Tomotsune, one of the largest and most diversified full-service law firms in Japan. Thurgood has been practicing exclusively in the area of labor and employment since 1995, assisting employers and companies (as opposed to employees and workers). Thurgood mainly acts on behalf of non-Japanese multinational companies, advising them on all aspects of labor and employment.

I. Collective Labor-Matters
(Collective Bargaining Sessions with Labor Unions, Concerted Activities (Strike, Picketing, and so on) of Labor Unions)

II. Individual Employment Matters
(Dismissal and Voluntary Resignation, Disciplinary Actions, Internal Transfer, External Secondment, Confusion between Workers Dispatch and Service-Providing Contract, Job Search, Employment of Aged People and Disabled People, Establishment of Wage Payment Systems and Retirement Benefit Systems, Implementation of Pay-per-Performance Systems, Sexual Harassment, Bullying, Mental Health, Occupational Safety and Health, Preparation of and Amendment to Work Rules of Employment, Preparation of Employment Contracts, Fixed-Term Employment Contracts, Executive Service Agreements, Prevention of Infringement of Corporate Data by Employees, Companies’ Protection and Transfer of Employees’ Data, Companies’ Rights Subsisting in Employees’ Invention or Works of Authorship, Whistle-blowing, Employment of Non-Japanese Workers and their Residing Permit, etc.)

III. Labor Insurance, Social Insurance and Pension Plans
(Workers Accident Compensation Insurance, Unemployment Insurance, Health Insurance, Welfare Pension Insurance, Defined Contribution Pension Plan, Defined Benefit Pension Plan, Welfare Pension Fund, Tax-Qualified Retirement Pension, etc.)

IV. Labor and Employment Related Dispute Resolution and Litigation
(Labor-Related and Employment-Related Litigation, Mediation on Individual Employment Dispute, Employment Tribunal Dispute Resolution, Remedy for Unfair Labor Practices, etc.)

Thurgood considers that employers’ demonstration of warm-heartedness towards, and consideration of, employees tends to be beneficial for the good morale and loyalty and productivity on the part of the employees, creating a better work environment because of a long-term relationship between employers and employees. The most important thing for employers is, Thurgood believes, to have their companies continue to exist for a long term (100 years), rather than making a profit within a short-term.

Shalini Agarwal is a Partner at In Se Legal, a unique Indian law firm with offices in the UK and India. In Se Legal provides legal support on matters relating to Indian law and business to UK, US and European corporates.   In Se Legal prides itself on its ability to offer commercially sound, client-centric legal advice, assisting clients in understanding the Indian market.

Quality, Capability, Professionalism and Confidence are a few of the many hallmarks that define In Se Legal and its team.  By virtue of the ability to provide Indian legal services through London, with a larger delivery team in India, In Se Legal can offer highly competitive pricing to its clients.

Shalini advises on Indian employment and immigration law.  She services multinational clients globally, assisting with their Indian immigration requirements throughout India.   Shalini has been recognized annually by the International Who's Who of Leading Corporate Immigration Lawyers as a leading Indian immigration lawyer annually since 2007.  Shalini has also been acknowledged and recognized as a leading Immigration and employment lawyer in the 2014 edition of Indian Lawyer 250. She advises clients regularly on various aspects of employment law - assisting with staffing issues, terminations, restructuring and other labour law issues.

Shalini’s deep knowledge of India, the Indian market and business culture also provides an excellent cultural bridge for international companies seeking to do business in India, in need of information and direction. Shalini regularly guides clients on the nuances of doing business in India and provides insight into various aspects of dealing with Indian colleagues, suppliers and partners.

A unique offering of In Se Legal is Shalini’s presence in the London office, that provides US and European clients access to Indian legal advice within a European time zone. Instructing the team in London carries no premium and the firm provides highly competitive rates benchmarked against the Indian market.

Originally from New Delhi, Shalini holds a Degree in English literature followed by her LL.B from the Faculty of Law in New Delhi. She read law at Cambridge University where she completed an LL.M with a focus on international law and intellectual property. As a recipient of the BCCI and Foreign & Commonwealth Scholarships, followed by the prestigious Pegasus Scholarship, Shalini interned with Clifford Chance and with Counsel Chambers in London prior to returning to India to practice law. Shalini is dual qualified and is a member of the Bar Council of India and is admitted as a solicitor of the Supreme Court of England and Wales. Shalinis’ practice is exclusively in the area of Indian Law.

Shalini divides her time between India and London. She is a frequent speaker at international conferences on various topics relating to doing business in India.

Silvia Bauzá
Madrid Office

Silvia joined Gómez-Acebo & Pombo in 2001 and became a partner in 2007.

Education and Professional Experience:

  • Graduated in Law by the Madrid Complutense University (San Pablo CEU).
  • Master in Legal Practice at the University Pontificia ICADE.
  • Preparation for public exams for Employment and Social Security Inspectorate Organism.
  • Master in Prevention of Labour Risks in the Company, at the European Institute of Health and Well-Being.
  • Employment lawyer in the Firm Abogados Garrigues from 1997 to 2001.
  • Joined Gómez-Acebo & Pombo Abogados in July 2001.
  • Currently a partner of the Employment Department of Gómez-Acebo & Pombo.
Specialised in all kinds of judicial and administrative processes, collective dismissals (Redundancy procedures), collective negotiation, individual and collective conflicts, employment contracts, Social Security, due diligences, employment risk prevention.

Spanish and English.


Best Lawyers 2014 (since 2008). Labor and Employment:
The Chambers Europe 2013. Employment:
Clients praise Silvia Bauzá for her strategic approach and global vision.
The Chambers Europe 2012. Employment:
The Chambers Europe 2011. Employment:
40 under 40 Award. Iberian Lawyer Group 2009

Sólon de Almeida Cunha, born in São Paulo, SP, Brazil; admitted to practice in 1985, São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Preparatory education: Colégio Dante Alighieri, São Paulo, Brazil (B.A., 1979). Legal education: Faculdade de Direito da Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo, Brazil (LL.B., 1985), Faculdade de Direito da Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie, Brazil (Specialist in Higher Education Didactics, 1991), Faculdade de Direito da Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie, Brazil (Master Degree in Labor Law, 1994), Faculdade de Direito da Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie, Brazil (Doctor Degree in Labor Law, 1999). Invited Lecturer at the Labor Law Extension Course of Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo – COGEAE and at Fundação Getulio Vargas - GVLaw. Membership: International Bar Association, Brazilian Bar Association, São Paulo Lawyers Association, São Paulo Labor Lawyers Association, President of the SINSA (Law Firms Union) in São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro (from 1999 to 2007), Human Resources Committee of the American Chamber of Commerce in São Paulo, Coordinator of the Labor Law Committee of Center of Studies of Brazilian Law Firms – CESA (from 2002 to 2010), Editorial Council for the Tax Law and Security Magazine from the Magister Publishing Company, Asociación Iberoamericana de Derecho Del Trabajo y de la Seguridad Social. Award: Law Judiciary Merit Oficial Degree granted by the Superior Court of the State of São Paulo, as Graduated Professor.

Timon Grau is a Partner in the employment, pensions, and benefits practice group of Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer LLP and works in the firm's Frankfurt office.

Timon advises both international and national clients from a broad spectrum of business and industry sectors in all fields of individual and collective employment law. Along with providing employment law advice on corporate restructurings and transactions, his particular areas of expertise comprise the design of remuneration systems and incentive schemes, the laws governing the organisation of industrial relations and collective bargaining, corporate co-determination, and board member service relationships. Timon is also an experienced advisor in the fields of employee data protection and compliance, including on internal investigations and global HR data transfers.

Timon appears regularly as an author and is a sought speaker on specialist employment law matters. Inter alia, he is the co-author of a handbook on collective bargaining law in Germany, published by Dr. Otto Schmidt Verlag in 2013 and of Corporate Internal Investigations – An international guide, published by Oxford University press in 2013 (edited by Paul Lomas and Daniel Kramer). Timon has published more than 75 articles in law journals and papers addressed to HR professionals on a variety of strategic employment and data protection law topics. He is a visiting lecturer for employment law at the law school of European Business School (EBS) University in Wiesbaden.

Timon studied at the University of Cologne, where in 2004 he was awarded his doctorate in law degree for a dissertation on the information of employees and their right to object to a transfer of their employment in the course of transfers of undertakings (published by Dr. Otto Schmidt Verlag). He was a fellowship holder of the German National Academic Foundation. Following the conclusion of his traineeship in Cologne and London, Timon received his licence to practise law in 2006. In 2010 he received his certificate as a certified specialist employment lawyer (Fachanwalt für Arbeitsrecht). Timon speaks German and English.